A chemical peel involves applying a chemical solution (acid) to skin of the face to remove and exfoliate the outer layers of skin so that a clearer, more evenly pigmented, glowing layer of skin can appear. The new, regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin. It is also instrumental in the stimulation of fibroblasts and creating new collagen. The new skin also is temporarily more sensitive to the sun, so daily use of sunscreen is a must.
THERE ARE THREE DIFFERENT TYPES OF PEELS:
1) LIGHT PEELS:
Often called “lunch-time peels”, Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA’s such as glycolic), provide smoother, brighter-looking skin for people who can’t spare the time to recover from deeper peels. The skin may turn pink, and usually only minimal peeling and flaking occurs. You can use makeup to hide any redness until it fades. These peels do not require down-time from life/work, since they are on the milder side and offer milder side effects. You can have light peels performed as often as every two weeks.
2) MEDIUM PEELS:
Often called “weekend peels”, TCA (trichloroacetic acid), 30%-70% glycolic peels provide a deeper and more aggressive peeling. The skin can turn reddish brown in 2 to 3 days, become crusty, and then flake and peel over the next 7 days. There may be some swelling, especially around the eye area. Some people will take a few days off from life/work to let the skin heal.
3) DEEP PEELS:
Phenol peels are the strongest of the chemical solutions and can cause a second-degree burn of the skin giving the skin long-lasting and a dramatic result in the reduction of facial wrinkles and acne scarring. Phenol peels are increasingly becoming an outdated procedure due to lengthy down-time and unpredictable results associated with uneven and loss of pigment changes. Recovery may be slow and complete healing of the skin may take 1-2 months.